The Science of Aerating

The Science of Aerating

What does aerating do? Is it really necessary? How does soil become compacted in the first place? Here’s what you need to know to understand why and when you should aerate your lawn.

Weight and Turf Wear

Whether it’s from foot traffic or vehicles, placing weight on turf has three negative effects:

1. Direct wear on the blades of grass through crushing and bruising

2. Damage to the root system through soil displacement

3. Compaction, which eliminates spaces and air channels in the surface soil

All three types of damage are inter-related. If the ground is compacted, the root system won’t be deep enough to recover from soil displacement. If the root system isn’t in good shape, it can’t support the top half of the plant to repair damage. Damage the blades, and the roots can’t get the fuel they need to grow into the soil.

Why Does Soil Compact?

In nature, soil is aerated by insects, worms and other organisms that burrow through the soil. That’s fine for wilderness areas, but human activity can out-pace this natural soil care.

For residential lawns, heavy foot traffic is a major contributor. Sometimes, it’s just part of having kids play in the yard, while other times it can be avoided by adding a walkway to keep people off of the grass.

Soft cleats do less damage than the metal cleats of the past, but more aggressive designs have led to increased soil displacement and compaction, especially on golf greens. This has lead to a sort of arms race with companies introducing more aggressive designs that improve performance, only to be banned when groundskeepers have to deal with increased lawn damage. Even with this problem, most turf damage on golf courses is caused by carts.

Compacted soil is good if you’re trying to make a sturdy support for footings and foundations, but the soil compactor will need to roll over the lawn to get into the work area. Add in trucks, backhoes and other heavy equipment going to and from the work site, and newly constructed areas can end up with hardpan extending to the surface of the soil. If you’re installing sod around new buildings, it’s imperative that the underlying dirt is aerated so that new roots can penetrate and grow into the soil.

The Effects of Compacted Soil

Compaction causes non-capillary spaces to disappear while capillary spaces increase, changing how water flows through the soil. In the summer, water will drain off quickly, leading to drought injuries. In the winter, the soil will hold water, keeping temperatures lower for longer. This extends dormancy in warm season grasses. Compacted surface soil also causes water to pool instead of flowing into the ground, causing direct damage to plants and promoting mold growth.

Wear tolerance is usually solved by overseeding with a resistant grass variety, but it’s also influenced by compaction. Without a good root system and support for the grass’ crowns or runners, the leaves take longer to recover from damage no matter how hearty the variety is.

Access to oxygen is needed for root growth and to support microorganisms that digest thatch and break down materials into plant-usable nutrients. When spaces inside the soil are removed, this oxygen diffusion decreases.

Some weeds thrive in compacted soil, including dandelions and nettles, pushing out turf grass. Aerating reduces the need for herbicides.

Core vs Liquid Aeration

A core or spike aerator only penetrates the first few inches of soil. This is where most compaction happens, and it’s the layer of soil that has the greatest effect on the health of grass root systems.

Liquid aeration uses chemicals to soak into the soil and break it up. This treatment can reach deeper than core aeration, but it’s not effective for surface compaction and can take several applications to be effective. Even if liquid aeration is needed, the lawn will usually need to be core aerated first to get the chemicals to penetrate the soil.

Keep Your Billy Goat Aerator In Action

These problems can be solved with a couple passes by your Billy Goat aerator, and with help from, you can be sure your equipment is ready to work. We’re a certified dealer for Billy Goat and their manufacturing partners. That means you can get parts for your aerator and its engine shipped to your door from one source no matter where you are in the U.S. or Canada.

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Everything You Need to Know About Hydrostatic Drive

Hydrostatic Drive

Hydrostatic drive systems have been a staple of riding mowers and other large equipment for decades, but they’ve only recently reached walk-behind equipment including Billy Goat’s aerators and brushcutters. What are the advantages? Do they require any maintenance? What kinds of problems can they have? Here’s what you need to know if you’re considering or already own equipment with one of these transmissions.

How Does It Work?

A hydrostatic drive uses two main components: a pump and a motor.

The pump has a circular cylinder block, a set of pistons and a wash plate. The pistons mount to the wash plate using ball joints. This plate sits at an angle. As the plate and cylinder block spin, the pistons move up and down inside the block, pumping the hydraulic fluid.

The motor uses the same parts as the pump, but the angle of the wash plate can be changed to control the motion and speed of the output shaft. Tilt it one direction, and the shaft spins clockwise. Tilt it the other way, and it will spin counter-clockwise. Change the amount of tilt, and the pistons will move more or less with each rotation, trading motor speed for torque or vice versa.

Billy Goat uses “close coupled” hydrostatic transmissions. This design puts the pump and motor into a single unit that shares the same valve body. This makes the system compact and eliminates high-pressure hoses, the most common source of problems in hydrostatic drive systems. These units also have a built-in differential, making them transaxles. The wheels bolt up directly to the axles, and the engine powers the pump using a belt drive connected to a pulley on top of the transaxle case.

Why Use a Hydrostatic Transmission?

Speed is controlled entirely by the position of the hydraulic motor’s wash plate. This lets the drive speed be completely independent of the engine speed so the tool can be driven at full speed no matter how fast the equipment is moving. It also allows for infinite speed adjustment while in motion, letting the operator match speed to the terrain without having to stop and change gears.

Efficiency has improved tremendously in the past decade, making this lawn mower staple practical in smaller machines. While older designs greatly increased weight and power demands where they were used, today there’s little in the way of a weight or power penalty when choosing a hydrostatic transmission over a geared transmission

Which Models Use Hydrostatic Drive?

Currently, Billy Goat makes 6 pieces of equipment with a hydrostatic transaxle:

– OS901 Hydrostatic Overseeder
– AE1300H Hydro Aerator
– PL2500 PLUGR Hydro-Drive Aerator
– Next Gen 18” Hydro Drive Sod Cutter
– 18” Hydro-Drive Sod Cutter for Golf Applications
– BC26HHEU Outback Brushcutter

How Do I Maintain My Transaxle?

The Tuff Torq transaxles Billy Goat use have an aluminum case to dissipate heat. If this becomes caked in dirt or mud, the pump and motor can overheat. Check the case if your equipment is coated in mud, and make cleaning a regular part of maintenance.

A failing transmission can slip if damaged, but this symptom is usually caused by problems with the belt between the transmission and the engine. As with any belt drive, the belt should be replaced if it shows signs of cracking or tearing, or it has stretched to the point that the idler pulley can’t take up the slack.

The transaxle should last as long as the equipment without needing a fluid change. If you do need to change the fluid due to contamination or a leaking seal, it’s highly recommended that you use Tuff Torq’s own fluid, as it has the additives needed to deliver this long fluid life. For most models, the company recommends using 10W30 diesel motor oil as an alternative fluid, not hydraulic fluid. They specify Class CC or CD oil, which is a very old API service classification. Any off-the-shelf CJ-4, CI-4 or CH-4 oil will meet these service requirements.

How Do I Identify the Transaxle?

The serial number is printed on a flat metal surface either on the top or front of the case.

Get the Parts You Need for Your Billy Goat isn’t just an online parts warehouse: we’re a certified dealer for Billy Goat and Tuff Torq, so when you order from us, you’ll always receive quality OEM replacements. Factory parts diagrams and descriptions are built into our search engine, making it easy to find exactly what you need, and we can ship your order to any address in the U.S. or Canada.

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Using Your Pressure Washer for Summer Cleanup

Cleaning Buildings with a Pressure Washer Billy Goat

Your Billy Goat pressure washer may be primarily used for cleaning concrete, siding, and cars, but that’s not all it can do. Using the right techniques, you can use your power washer to clean the things you use most during the summer including your barbecue grill, your patio furniture, and your weekend vehicles.

Cleaning Your Grill

Disconnect the fuel supply. If your grill uses propane, disconnect the tank and move it out of the area. If it’s supplied by a natural gas line, disconnect the line and move the grill away from the line. Electric starters should be disconnected to prevent the connections from shorting.

Remove loose dirt by spraying the grill with a 40-degree spray tip.

Soap down the grill a pressure washer-safe degreaser. Cover every surface and let the detergent some time to work: typical dwell times are between two and 5 minutes.

Spray the grill again using the 40-degree tip. This should get most of the grease and dirt off.

Repeat the process, spraying oily areas with detergent, then spraying with water to peel off stubborn grease and dirt.

Once the grill is clean, go over it again with water one last time to wash off any remaining soap.

Let the grill dry for at least 24 hours before reconnecting the fuel and electric supply.

Patio Furniture

Remove the cushions and set them aside to keep them from getting wet.

Use a general purpose detergent for removing tough stains. When spraying, work from the top down. Streaking will be minimal, and this helps flush out dirt that runs down into corners on the furniture.

Use a 40-degree tip for painted surfaces. A 25-degree tip is safe for removing stubborn dirt on unpainted plastic surfaces. If there are spots that are still not clean, you may need to switch to a brush, soap and hot water.


Washing a boat is just like washing a car: you should let the detergent do the heavy lifting and use a 40-degree nozzle to rinse off dirt without damaging the paint. Before cleaning, be sure to remove any loose equipment like fenders and ropes.

Soap designed for cars will work, but detergents made specifically for boat cleaning will work better. This type of cleaner will have additives designed to remove algae build-up. Dwell times are longer than other detergents with most formulas needing 5-10 minutes to work. If possible, move the boat into the shade so the detergent won’t dry up before it’s time to wash it off.

When spraying around decals, double the distance between the spray tip and the boat and spray directly at the surface. If you spray at an angle, you risk peeling up the decals around the edges.

ATVs and UTVs

Let the engine and exhaust cool completely before cleaning. If the engine is already up to operating temperature, this can take up to half an hour. Avoid spraying the engine or intake. If water gets inside the engine, it will ruin the oil and in extreme cases can cause piston destroying hydrolock.

Unlike patio furniture, it’s usually better to keep the seat padding on as it usually covers the battery, wiring and other water-sensitive components. Avoid spraying the seats and any exposed electrical components.

If your vehicle has a chain drive, clean and lubricate it before using your pressure washer. Spraying the chain can push out lubricant, resulting in increased wear.

Use the washer to remove caked on mud and dirt before applying car soap. Dwell time is important as it lets the soap separate bugs and other sticky materials from the surface. You may need to rinse and soap bug-covered parts two or three times to get them all off.

As with boats, any decals should be sprayed head-on with the nozzle at least two feet from the surface to prevent them from peeling off of the body panels.

Get the Parts You Need to Keep Your Equipment Running

Did you lose one of the nozzles? Is the engine due for a tune-up? If you need parts for your pressure washer or anything else from Billy Goat, you can get it from We’re not just a Billy Goat dealer, we’re also a dealer for every manufacturer they work with including CAT Pumps, AR Pumps, Honda and Briggs & Stratton. From air filters to hoses, we can ship the parts you need to your door whether you live in the U.S. or Canada.

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Making Sense of Pressure Washer Terminology

Maintaining Your Pressure Washer’s Pump

Shopping for a pressure washer can be confusing. What are PSI, GPM and CU, and how do they affect cleaning? Which type of pump should you get? What do the nozzles do? Here’s what you need to know about these terms so you can pick the right equipment for your needs.

Pressure, Rate and Cleaning Power

The cleaning power of a pressure washer comes from the pressure and rate of water it sprays. This is expressed as Cleaning Units (CU), which are calculated by multiplying PSI by GPM.

Pressure is measured in pounds per square inch (PSI.) Pressure will vary depending on the nozzle used, but this rating is always the output when used with a nozzle that has a #4 (0.052”/1.32mm) orifice. This is the standard nozzle size used in most small to medium-sized pressure washers.

Rate is stated as gallons per minute (GPM.) This is the maximum volume the pump can move over time, but it’s limited by the water supply. The typical outdoor faucet pumps out water at a pressure of 40-60 PSI. Attached to a 25 foot, ½ inch diameter hose, this is enough to deliver up to 24 gallons per minute. Switch to a 100-foot hose, and the added resistance to flow reduces the supply to around 6 GPM. To get the most flexibility with this water supply, portable pressure washers are built to run high PSI to make up for low flow rates.

How does this apply when comparing pressure washers? Let’s say you’re looking at Billy Goat’s PW37A0H and the PW40S0H power washers. At first glance, there doesn’t seem to be much difference: the PW37 makes 3,700 PSI, while the PW40 makes 4,000 PSI. That’s less than a 10% difference between these two models. However, the PW37 pumps 3.5 GPM while the PW40 pumps 4 GPM. That works out to 12,950 CU and 16,000 CU, so the PW40 is actually around 25% more effective than the PW 37.

Pump Types

Two types of pumps dominate the residential and small commercial market: axial cam and triplex.

An axial cam pump uses an impeller to pull in water from the inlet and push it out of the housing. This type of pump is driven directly by the crankshaft. These pumps are cheap, but their ability to generate pressure is limited, and they have a short service life.

A triplex pump uses pistons to pull in water from the supply line and push it out into the high-pressure hose. By using three pistons that push and pull at different times, pulsations are kept to a minimum. These pumps can connect to the engine using a gear drive for greater pumping speed, and they last several times longer than axial pumps. All Billy Goat pressure washers use triplex pumps made by Annovi Reverberi or CAT.


Each nozzle has a code stamped on it. The first two digits indicate the angle of spray, while the next two or three digits indicate the orifice size. These nozzles also come in standard colors for each angle of spray, making them easy to identify at a glance. Here’s what you’ll get with a Billy Goat pressure washer:

00 (Red) – This 0-degree nozzle is used for maximum power, busting through caked-on material and heavy build-up. However, it’s so powerful that it can damage soft surfaces.

15 (Yellow) – This is often referred to as a “chiseling” tip. It’s useful for peeling off stubborn surface layers including paint and mildew, but it’s too strong for general cleaning.

25 (Green) – A wider spray lets this tip move loose contaminants and debris quickly. It’s great for removing mud, grass clippings and leaves.

40 (White) – A wide, gentle spray makes this nozzle a good choice for sensitive surfaces including cars, windows, and wooden decks.

65 (Black) – On Billy Goat pressure washers, this is a “soaping” nozzle: the low-pressure spray creates a siphon effect to pull soap through the detergent hose. It doesn’t provide enough pressure to physically remove dirt, but it does deposit soap over a wide area for fast coverage.

Getting Parts for Your Pressure Washer is a certified dealer for Billy Goat and their manufacturing partners including AR and CAT pumps so you can get anything you need for your pressure washer all at once. Our site has built-in factory parts diagrams and descriptions so you can find the right part to fix your equipment, and we can ship those parts to any address in the U.S. and Canada.

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TKV Self-Propelled Vacuum

TKV Self-Propelled Vacuum

Do you need a combination lawn vacuum and chipper, but find residential offerings a little lacking? Billy Goat’s TKV self-propelled vacuum has the performance you expect from one of the leaders in lawn cleanup equipment while still being simple enough for home use.


The TKV vacuum is powered by a Honda GSV190. This engine combines features from their residential GC and commercial GX engines. A cast iron cylinder liner and two-stage air filtration system ensure a long engine life, while an overhead camshaft and internal timing belt make this engine quiet and efficient. It’s both EPA and CARB certified, so it’s legal to use anywhere in the U.S. or Canada. A self-propulsion system is built into the vacuum, so it’s easy to move, even when it has a fully loaded bag.


Debris is drawn in through a 27-inch wide nozzle. The height can be adjusted by turning a knob on the base, letting the TKV be used to clean up lawns or paved areas including driveways and parking lots.

Inside, a 5 blade impeller with serrated edges chops up debris, reducing them up to 12:1. This compaction reduces the amount of waste generated, saving money on disposal costs. Together, the engine and impeller are able to pull in air at a rate of 1,700 cubic feet per minute.


After passing through the impeller chamber, debris drops into a 40-gallon bag. The top of this bag is surrounded by a dust skirt to capture fine particles, keeping both the surrounding area and the operator clean. A flap is built into the rear of the bag for quick emptying. The bag still uses the same simple retention system of other Billy Goat vacuums, making it easy to remove and install when it needs to be cleaned.


The chipper shoot handles branches up to two inches thick, cutting the wood with a set of blades before sending them through the main housing where leaves are broken up by the impeller and pushed into the bag. A storage bracket is built into the handle to carry a lopper so you can trim branches to fit the machine.


The hose kit uses a clear hose and metal nozzle to get into areas the vacuum can’t reach. This is perfect for cleaning up areas around garden beds and bushes. The caster kit makes the vacuum easy to maneuver in more open spaces, and it reduces tire wear on hard surfaces. If you regularly use your TKV for cleaning pavement, adding the nozzle wear kit will keep you from scraping up your vacuum.

For operation in sandy areas, Billy Goat offers a liner sleeve that protects the impeller chamber from abrasion. Need to pick up fine dust? The felt bag traps small particles to get a clean finish.

Get the Parts and Accessories You Need for Your Billy Goat

From the flexible TKV to the hard surface QV, if it’s made by Billy Goat, you can get everything you need for it from We’re not just a parts warehouse: we’re a certified dealer for Billy Goat and their manufacturing partners including Honda Engines. Our site has built-in factory information including parts diagrams and descriptions so you can be sure your order will be compatible with your equipment. We can ship parts and accessories across the U.S. and Canada.

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Towing Your Billy Goat Equipment

Towing Your Billy Goat Equipment

Most Billy Goat owners are commercial users, but even if you have a light duty model, you’ll need to move it from time to time. These tips will help you move your equipment safely and legally whether you’re carrying it in a trailer or it’s mounted to the trailer itself.

Trailer Safety and Legal Requirements

Billy Goat utility trailers and CustomFit trailers are both designed to be towed at speeds up to 55 mph. The visibility requirements for your trailer will depend on what state you live in and where you drive.

If you ever take the trailer onto a highway, it has to meet Department of Transportation requirements. Trailers less than 80 inches wide and 30 feet long must have stop lights, tail lights, front marker lights, turn signals, reflectors and a license plate light. Most trailer brake lights and side marker lights have built-in reflectors, including the ones offered on Billy Goat’s skid mount trailers.

On other roads, you’re legally required to meet state regulations, which can vary widely. In some states, you may need all the DOT-required equipment, others may only require a rear reflector, and many states fall somewhere in between. As a general rule, if there’s any chance that your trailer can obscure your vehicle’s brake lights, you should have trailer lights installed, even if they aren’t legally required.

Towable aerators are categorized as “instrument of husbandry.” These tractor-towed farming devices are exempt from trailer lighting and reflector requirements, but they will usually need to have a triangular slow-moving vehicle (SMV) reflector mounted on the back to meet local legal requirements.

Tying Down Equipment

Most Billy Goat equipment is designed with tie-down points. These will either be teardrop-shaped loops or exposed frame areas. Tying down on these points will be more secure than running straps over the wheels.

Heavier equipment should be placed toward the front of the trailer. If you’re doing general landscaping work, the heaviest piece of equipment you’ll have will usually be your mower. When it comes to walk-behind equipment, aerators and brushcutters are the heaviest. When in doubt, check the specifications located at the front of your owner’s manual.

If your equipment has a folding handle, lowering it will lower the center of gravity, making it more stable.

Loading Wheeled Blowers

If your blower has a front caster wheel, it needs to be locked into place when transporting. To do this, pull on the ring on the side of the wheel mount and rotate it until it’s vertical. Swivel the wheel until the ring moves back into the mount, locking the wheel into place. This mechanism lets the wheel lock into four positions: front, rear, left or right.

Billy Goat offers a quick hold down kit that can keep the blower secured on the trailer by itself. This kit uses a foot-operated latch that grips a bolt that is installed on the blower. To secure your blower, roll it over the hold down and tilt it back. Push the hold down lever, then lower the blower. The bolt should line up with the slot in the hold down. Release the lever, and the latch will close the top of the slot.

Loading Pressure Washers

Storing the high-pressure hose and wand separately will make the pressure washer easier to transport and prevent accidents involving a tangled or pinched hose.

Transporting Debris Loaders

The skid mount is designed to be permanently bolted down whether you’re adding it to a trailer or attaching it to a CustomFit trailer kit. Always secure the nozzle to the loader and lock the support boom before transit. If there’s any possibility the nozzle hose will come in contact with the ground, remove it from the loader and store it separately.

Getting Parts and Accessories for Your Billy Goat Equipment

Looking for trailer parts or want to add a hold down for your blower? can ship what you need to your door. Our search engine lets you find parts based on your model, showing you factory parts descriptions and diagrams so you can be sure what you order will be compatible. We ship across the U.S. and Canada.

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Billy Goat Pressure Washer Troubleshooting

Getting Your Pressure Washer Out of Storage

Is your Billy Goat pressure washer not delivering the performance you expect? Are you having trouble getting it to run or spray consistently? Before you spend money on a new pump or major engine repair, check these common, easy-to-repair causes for common issues.

Pump Chatter and Surging

While there are several reasons that your pressure washer could experience either of these symptoms, they’re most commonly caused by water supply problems.

– Make sure there’s plenty of water reaching the pump. Your owner’s manual will specify the required flow rate needed for your pressure washer.
– Make sure the hose isn’t kinked.
– Check for leaks in supply fittings.
– Make sure the filter screen for the inlet is in place and clean.
– Use cool water. Water that’s above 100ºF can cause problems with pump operation.

The Engine Won’t Start

– Check the spark plug wire. With the hose moving back and forth around the pump, it’s easy to knock it off of the spark plug.

– Both Honda and Vanguard have a sensor that will shut off the ignition if the oil level is too low. If the oil level is low, adding oil will reactive the ignition.

– Make sure there’s gas in the fuel tank. Starting problems are often caused by stale fuel. Make sure you’re using fuel purchased within the last month, or stabilized fuel purchased within the last three months.

Pulsing Water Pressure

– Air in the pump is likely interfering with the pump mechanism. Shut off the engine, but leave the water running. Hold down the trigger on the wand to let water flow through the system and purge the air inside the pump.

– An obstruction somewhere in the wand or line is keeping the flow from being consistent. Use a needle to clean out the nozzle and flush the wand with vinegar to remove mineral deposits. Make sure the inlets for the wand and high-pressure hose are free of debris.

Water Pressure Spikes

– Check the unloader valve. This recirculates excess water back into the pump and can cause jumps in water pressure if it’s jammed or set incorrectly. The manual for your pump should have adjustment instructions.

The Pump Won’t Draw Detergent

– Only the low-pressure white tip will draw from the detergent system.
– Make sure the end of the detergent hose is fully submerged and the filter is clean.
– If your pressure washer has a valve to adjust the detergent mix, make sure it’s open.
– Only use detergents approved for use with a pressure washer. Thick detergents may need to be diluted to flow through the system.

Water is Leaking from the Pump

– If the thermal valve is active, it will leak water to relieve pressure. Shut off the engine and let the pump cool for 5 minutes or so.

– Check the bolts on the pump casing. If they’re loose, the water can break the seal, causing a leak.

Leaks Along the Hose or Inlet

– Make sure the hoses are fully connected and the rubber O-rings at each connection are in good shape. If the hose or wand itself is leaking, replace it immediately. High-pressure spray from these holes can cause serious injury and property damage.

When You Need Parts, Visit Billy Goat Parts is a certified dealer for Billy Goat and their partners including Honda, Briggs & Stratton, AR Pumps, and CAT Pumps. Our site can show you factory exploded diagrams and manufacturer descriptions so you can be sure you’re buying what you need from the smallest O-ring to the largest assembly. We ship across the U.S. and Canada.

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Billy Goat KV Vacuum

KV Vacuum

Tired of raking leaves? Wish there was an easier way to clean up after aerating or dethatching your lawn? The KV is the smallest model in Billy Goat’s vacuum lineup, but it still has the features and power that makes their other models a favorite of professional landscapers, groundskeepers and construction crews. It even adjusts for different debris heights so you can use it on both turf and paved surfaces.


Most residential vacuums have problems with clogging, but the KV avoids this by using a wide 27-inch nozzle. Debris is sucked in by a 5-blade impeller with serrated edges chops up and compacts leaves and grass. Each blade is armor-plated, smashing and tearing aluminum cans and glass bottles that would stall or damage lesser vacuums. At full throttle, this machine draws in up to 1,700 cubic feet of air per minute. The KV is also the only vacuum Billy Goat makes with the option of a two-inch chipper, letting the vacuum mulch small branches for complete lawn cleanup.

With four height positions, the nozzle can be moved up and down to vacuum debris off of turf and paved surfaces. Changing the height is easy: just pull the adjuster cable and lift or lower the handle to change the nozzle position.


Debris passes by an integrated skirt that captures dust then drops into a 40-gallon bag. This bag uses a zipperless design that’s easy to remove for unloading: unlatch the two hooks on the operator handle, then pull up on the handle over bag opening. A spring-loaded door automatically covers the impeller outlet.


The KV Vacuum is available with or without a drive system. Self-propelled models aren’t just easier to operate, they move faster, letting these machines cover a little under a half acre per hour.

Buyers also have a choice of two engines. The 190cc Briggs & Stratton Professional straddles the consumer and professional small engine segments. It’s designed to last 60% longer than the company’s E-Series engines, but it still has an automatic choke for easy starting. The Honda GSV 190 is also a prosumer engine, combining high-quality components with a design that targets low noise and reduced vibration. The two-inch chipper is only available with this engine.

Briggs & Stratton Professional
KV601 – 116 lbs.
KV600SP – Self-propelled, 129 lbs.

Honda GSV 190
KV650H – 98 lbs.
KV650SPH – Self-propelled, 98 lbs.
TKV650SPH – Self-propelled with a two-inch chipper, 141 lbs.


The hose kit makes it easy to vacuum debris around bushes, flowerbeds, and other obstacles. When the blanking plate is attached to the vacuum nozzle, airflow is redirected to the port on the front of the machine. A metal nozzle on the hose resists scraped and impacts, while a long handle gives the operator plenty of reach.

Other accessories are designed to tailor the KV’s performance to fit your needs:

Need to pick up fine dust and dirt? The felt bag has fine pores for better dust control.
Do you live in a place with sandy soil? Adding a liner sleeve will protect the impeller housing from abrasion.
Mostly work on paved areas? The nozzle wear kit adds metal plates to protect the nozzle while adding a caster kit makes the vacuum easier maneuver and reduces wear on the wheels when turning.
Do you mostly use your vacuum to pick up leaves? The shredder screen traps leaves in the housing to give the impeller more time to chop them up, resulting in a 12 to 1 reduction. This leaves you with fewer bags of yard waste to dispose of.


Billy Goat guarantees the vacuum for one year of residential or commercial use. Briggs & Stratton guarantees the Professional engine for one year of residential or 90 days of commercial use, while Honda guarantees the GCV190 for two years of residential use or one year of commercial use.

Everything You Need for Your Billy Goat is Just a Few Clicks Away

Need parts or accessories for your vacuum? is a certified dealer for Billy Goat, Briggs & Stratton and Honda engines. That means you can get everything you need from one source. Our site has built-in diagrams and descriptions straight from the manufacturers so you can be sure you’re ordering exactly what you need. We ship across the U.S. and Canada.

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Billy Goat MV Vacuum

Billy Goat MV Vacuum

Just because you need to clean up both turf and paved surfaces doesn’t mean you need to have two separate machines. Billy Goat’s MV Multi-Surface Vacuum uses an adjustable nozzle that works great on both surfaces, making it a great choice for homeowners and commercial operators that want an all-in-one vacuum.

Flexibility by Design

Debris is drawn in through a 29-inch nozzle that adjusts for concrete and turf use. A large crank at the rear of the base adjusts the nozzle height, while a separate lever moves the gobbler door, adjusting the nozzle opening to pick up anything from pine needles to leaf piles up to 5 inches high

Debris is sent to a 40-gallon bag that holds up to 50 lbs. This bag is top loading, sliding in and out of rails molded into the exhaust hood. There are no zippers to mess with: just release the two latches on the back and slide out the bag to empty it. The bag design also reduces backpressure for better overall performance, and it can be filled to the top before having to be emptied. Air is pushed downward as it exits the bag, keeping dust away from the operator’s face.

Perfect for Flat Surfaces and Hills

With large wheels and a weight just a little over 200 lbs, this vacuum is surprisingly easy to move over flat surfaces. If you need to tackle hills, Billy Goat offers the MV with a three-speed drive system, letting you pick up debris at your own pace.


Billy Goat makes the MV vacuum in three versions:

The MV601SPE is powered by a 190cc Briggs & Stratton Professional engine and is self-propelled. This engine is intended for residential use, but it borrows some design features from commercial engines including a dual sealed air filter. By the company’s own estimates, this engine should last 60% longer than their standard E-Series powerplants. With no choke or priming bulb to worry about, this engine can be started with one or two pulls.

The MV650H is a push vacuum powered by a Honda GX190. This commercial engine has a reputation for unfailing reliability, and its design reduces vibration and noise, making it comfortable for all day use. Starting is easy thanks to an automatic decompression system.

The MV650SPH pairs the Honda GX190 with an electric starter and a self-propulsion system.


Need to bag debris? Billy Goat offers disposable liners that fit inside the debris bag, letting you load debris directly, then tie the top of the liner and lift it out of the bag for disposal.

The optional hose kit makes it easy to get leaves and debris out of hard-to-reach places. The hose attached to a port on the gobbler door and mounts over the top of the machine, so the vacuum can be used normally. When it’s time to use the hose, the airflow can be redirected from the nozzle by moving a lever. A long metal tube and handle lets the operator reach into corners with minimal stooping, and the clear hose makes it easy to find blockages.


The GX190 is guaranteed by Honda for three years of residential or commercial use, while the Professional is guaranteed by Briggs & Stratton for two years of residential use or 90 days of commercial use. Billy Goat covers the rest of the MV vacuum for two years of residential use or one year of commercial use.

Get the Parts and Accessories You Need for Your Billy Goat Equipment is a certified dealer for Billy Goat and their manufacturing partners including Honda Engines and Briggs & Stratton so you can get everything you need for your vacuum from one source. We have sections for vacuum bags, accessories and common parts on our front page, or you can search by your model and serial number. We have factory exploded diagrams built into our site, making it easy to find exactly what you’re looking for, and we can ship your order to any location in the United States or Canada.

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F13 Blower

F13 Blower

Billy Goat’s Force leaf blowers take the effort out of clearing debris by putting commercial engine and large composite fans together into an easy-to-use package. The F13 blower, aimed at contractor and light municipal use, recently received a few changes, simplifying the model lineup while still delivering enough power to replace several backpack blowers.

Delivering More Power and Less Noise

When it comes to blowers, the design of the fan can be more important than the engine for getting performance. Billy Goat has used composite fans and housings for years now, and thanks to refinements to the design, the F13 has over 6 times the clearing power of the best backpack blower.

The engine spins a 16 blade closed face fan. That’s twice as many blades as competing blowers, and since it’s cast in a single shot, there’s nothing that can loosen under use. This fan is housed in a composite shell that forms a close fit, eliminating turbulent and stagnant areas found in metal designs. That means more power, less engine wear, less vibration and less noise, all while moving air at speeds nearing 200 mph.

The efficient fan design coupled with a four-stroke engine results in 90 dB of noise at operator’s position, less than many backpack blowers. This level of sound still requires hearing protection, but since this noise drops off significantly with distance, sound levels drop below 65 dB at a distance of around 20 feet. That’s low enough to meet most municipal ordinances.

Air exits the fan chamber via a 5-inch Aim-N-Shoot nozzle. The angle of the nozzle can be adjusted using a lever on the handle or it can be locked into place. That handle is offset, giving the operator a clear view of the air path. A rubber forward discharge elbow is also included that snaps over the nozzle for cleanup next to buildings and fences.


Billy Goat has phased out the Vanguard and Subaru engines on the F13, leaving the 393cc Honda GX400 as the sole engine option. Despite this, improvements to the fan design let this motor match the output of the larger Vanguard.

The walk-behind F1002H weighs 160 lbs, up slightly from its predecessor but still well below that of similar metal case blowers. The F1002SPH adds a self-propulsion system, taking some of the strain off the operator while increasing overall speed by 30%. It weighs just 5 lbs. more than the standard model.


The front wheel can be replaced with a caster to make it easier to steer the blower around obstacles. If you’ll be using the blower in areas likely to contain nails and other sharp objects, the standard pneumatic tire can be replaced with a flat-free foam-filled tire.

Need to step away from your blower when working on slopes? The parking brake has metal tines that clamp down on the rear tires to keep this machine from rolling. This also makes the blower easier to secure during transport, as does the quick hold down kit that provides a fixed mount that attaches to your trailer.


Billy Goat guarantees the housing for 5 years of use and the rest of the F13 for two years of use. Honda guarantees the engine for three years.

Getting Parts and Accessories for Your Billy Goat Blower

You can get everything you need for your Billy Goat equipment at We’re a certified Billy Goat and Honda Engines dealer, which means we carry replacements for everything on the company’s Force wheeled blowers. Our site has factory diagrams and descriptions built into the search engine, making it easy to find what you need to get the most from your equipment. We ship across the U.S. and Canada.

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